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Trident - the symbol of Ukraine

Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and Russia
Geographic coordinates: 49 00 N, 32 00 E
Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

total: 603,700 sq km
land: 603,700 sq km
Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries:
total: 4,558 km
border countries: Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 939 km, Poland 428 km, Romania (south) 169 km, Romania (west) 362 km, Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 90 km

Coastline: 2,782 km
Maritime claims: (water resources)
continental shelf: 200-m or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: temperate continental Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south
Terrain: most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Hora Hoverla 2,061 m

Natural resources: iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber

Land use:
arable land: 58%
permanent crops: 2%
permanent pastures: 13%
forests and woodland: 18%
other: 9% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 26,050 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: NA

Geography—note: strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia second-largest country in Europe

Population: 42.96 million (2015 est.)

Ukraine Population

Ethnic groups: Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian: 0.6%; Moldovan: 0.5%; Crimean Tatar: 0.5%; Bulgarian: 0.4%; Other: 2.9%

Religions: Ukrainian Orthodox—Moscow Patriarchate, Ukrainian Orthodox—Kiev Patriarchate, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox, Ukrainian Catholic (Uniate), Protestant, Jewish, Muslim.

Official Language: Ukrainian
Others: English; Russian, Polish; Romanian; Hungarian

Data code: UA
Government type: Republic
Capital: Kyiv
Administrative divisions: 24 oblasti (singular—oblast'), 1 autonomous republic* (avtomnaya respublika), and 2 municipalities (mista, singular—misto) with oblast status** Cherkas'ka (Cherkasy), Chernihivs'ka (Chernihiv), Chernivets'ka (Chernivtsi), Dnipropetrovs'ka (Dnipropetrovs'k), Donets'ka (Donets'k), Ivano-Frankivs'ka (Ivano-Frankivs'k), Kharkivs'ka (Kharkiv), Khersons'ka (Kherson), Khmel'nyts'ka (Khmel'nyts'kyy), Kirovohrads'ka (Kirovohrad), Kyiv**, Kyivs'ka (Kiev), Luhans'ka (Luhans'k), L'vivs'ka (L'viv), Mykolayivs'ka (Mykolayiv), Odes'ka (Odesa), Poltavs'ka (Poltava), Avtonomna Respublika Krym* (Simferopol'), Rivnens'ka (Rivne), Sevastopol'**, Sums'ka (Sumy), Ternopil's'ka (Ternopil'), Vinnyts'ka (Vinnytsya), Volyns'ka (Luts'k), Zakarpats'ka (Uzhhorod), Zaporiz'ka (Zaporizhzhya), Zhytomyrs'ka (Zhytomyr).
note: oblasts have the administrative center name following in parentheses

Independence: 1 December 1991 (from Soviet Union)
National holiday: Independence Day, 24 August (1991)
Constitution: adopted 28 June 1996
Legal system: based on civil law system judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage: 18 years of age universal


  • Ukraine is the largest country in Europe
  • There is no article before Ukraine: Ukraine, not “the Ukraine”
  • The Cultural Capital, Lviv, has the highest amount of cafes per capita
  • The Ukrainian national costume is called “Vyshyvanka”
  • Kyyivo-pechers’ka Lavra is one of the biggest Orthodox monasteries in the world
  • Ukrainians have built the world’s heaviest plane An-225 Mriya
  • The first constitution in the world was written and adopted in Ukraine in 1710 by a Cossack Hetman named Pylyp Orlyk.
  • After declaring independence, Ukraine refused the third largest nuclear weapon arsenal in the world
  • Ukraine is the 4th most educated nation in the world
  • Ukraine is the geographic center of Europe


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